Pakistan is a country blessed with incredible biodiversity. But lately there has been stupendous threats to wildlife in Pakistan. The harsh thing is that these innocents and picturesque species are facing threats from one specie: homo sapiens .as per the stats of Ministry of Climate Change. There are over 90 species categorized as critically endangered. These species include 50 mammals, 27 birds and 17 reptiles.
This complex web of wildlife is on what we depend on for our needs, they provide us with clean air, water, food and stable climate. Wildlife is what makes our Earth richer, brighter and vibrant. But we humans on the hand of our never ending and blind greed are causing great damage to this wildlife, the Earth and ultimately ourselves. Here we are with threats to wildlife in Pakistan in a glance:
Where would a species live and survive, while its habitat is brutally disappearing. The annual rate of deforestation in Pakistan is -2.1 percent, no Asian country has a forest degradation rate higher than this. We are not only killing our oxygen sources. But are also viciously depriving a great number of species of their homes. The loss of habitat has already greatly affected Kashmir vole, Marbled polecat, Musk deer and many other precious species of mammals and birds.
Hunting is the symbol of power in our culture. Sadly, this demonstration of pride had led to extinction of many animals.This is one of the major threats to wildlife in Pakistan. The subtle consequences are even more drastic. The killing of large cats has led to increase in number of boars, jackals and porcupines. This subsequently has led to decrease in number of gropes and snakes. Which in turn has led to increase in number of rats. Which leads to post-harvest loss of grains. And this chain goes on and on. A chain started by mere pride of man has affected the ecosystem so badly. Markhor, Indus Dolphins, Red deer, Leopard and many species have experienced direct consequences.
“The reducing roars of the wild is testimony of the inhumane brutality of us humans.
I know why it’s much better being wild than uncivilized”
From burning of woods, to hunting and all the way to deforestation are all caused by explosive population growth. The nature has given its share of resources to every species. But we due to our ever-increasing needs are taking more than our share of the cake of nature. Pakistan has one of the highest population growth rates (2.1%) in the world. Subsequently we are forced to utilize all available resources. In our race towards better standard of life, we are crushing wildlife under our vehicles of progress.
ILLITERACY AND UNAWARENESS
As with most of our problems, the root is our own ignorance. With very few people going to school. And with literacy of 62.3%. We are basically drowned in a sea of ignorance. This ignorance gives rise to selfishness and greediness.
Many of us are egocentric. We give little attention to animals and wildlife in front of our gains. So are unable to apprehend that protecting wildlife is protecting ourselves. We fail to understand that our survival and survival of the planet depends on biodiversity. So, there is a massive need to educate our masses. So that they can appreciate the beauty and conservation of Wildlife. If we can teach people about wildlife, they will be touched. Share my wildlife with me. Because humans want to save things that they love .
THE WILDLIFE AND ITS HABITATS CANNOT SPEAK, SO WE MUST AND WE WILL