‘In the current era, drastic climate changes are occurring comparatively at a larger scale. The future of many living organisms is in question. Not only wild plants and animals are at risk but people are the victims of deteriorating state of nature’. This was stated by Hammad Naqi Khan, Director General World Wide Fund for Nature-Pakistan (WWF-Pakistan) during Climate March. He further said that climate models suggest that without immediate action to reverse climate change, the Earth will become much less hospitable to our modern globalized society.
The health of wildlife, people, and the habitats they rely on are all interconnected. Effects on one part on an ecosystem affect other parts over time. And climate change is already impacting many species of native wildlife in Pakistan. The effects of climate change on wildlife are explained below :
Pollinators, which are essential to the overall health of countless plants and ecosystems, are facing many of the same challenges of birds and other endangered species. In some cases, they are struggling to keep up with the rate of climate change, and with earlier blooms of the plants, they pollinate.
More than 30% of our breeding birds are already declining and are in need of conservation action. The effect of climate change on birds will become more severe in the future unless we reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and protect the natural resources birds need to adapt to change.
Less mobile than birds, land mammals often face more obstacles when adapting to changes in their ecosystems. Lakes, development, and isolated natural areas keep land mammals from migrating to suitable climates as they need to.
Additional stressors, like an increasing abundance of disease and pests are major risk factors.
Marine life faces challenges from warming waters and ocean acidification. Warming waters alter the latitude and depth at which certain species are able to survive, so many species are moving deeper or father north in the Atlantic to find cold water. More acidic oceans keep crustaceans, coral, and other organisms from developing.
The result is widespread disruption of interconnected food webs.
These effects of climate change on wildlife are a way to the destruction of an unlimited number of species, have endangered many species, and cause many to extinct.