Wildlife Extinction: Human Impact on an Ongoing Phenomena

Wildlife are Undomesticated animals living in the wild. Now all those animals not introduced to the human environment as also considered wildlife animals. Nowadays when humans have altered the natural surface to accommodate their ever-growing population, some of these wild animals have become a part of our suburban areas. Each species plays a specific role in the ecological system. Removing one specie will disturb the balance of nature. But at the same time, there is competition between species for the survival of the fittest. During this process, one or more species may be eliminated. These species are mostly the ones who are not able to cope with the environmental and ecological change or with the process of evolution. Therefore, the process of extinction is an ongoing process in wildlife.

The process of wildlife extinction is an ongoing process.

Although this phenomenon is natural, but sometimes a number of species go extinct at the same time, referred as mass extinction. In the past there have been 5 mass extinctions. These have happened either due to climate change, asteroid impact, volcanic eruption or combination of these phenomena. These may be deadly events, but they pave way for new species to emerge as dominating one.

Currently, it has been observed that Earth’s environment is changing. Numerous species are at the edge of extinction whereas 755 species have already gone extinct. Human activities have sped up the process of extinction by 1000 times. Human activities like deforestation and hunting have directly decreased the numbers of major species. Indirectly, our industrialisation process has resulted in phenomena of global warming which has increased the rate of climate change which is also leading to loss of some species.

Phenomena of global warming which has increased the rate of climate change which is also leading to loss of some species

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Among these extinct species following are few of them which went extinct due to human activities

Tasmanian Tiger or thylacine have been native of Tasmania and Australia, they went extinct in 1936. Major causes are associated with intensive hunting and human encroachment of their habitat.
Quaggo were zebra like animals. It is believed that mass hunting lead to their extinction. Scientists tried to do cross breading between species that had quaggo genes.
Pyreneax Ibex became extinct in 2000. It is believed that they went extinct due to hunting pressure, introducing non-native wild species in their habitat. Scientists were successful in 2012 when they were able to bring back this animal from extinction. Although that animal died few minutes after birth due to lung issues.
These West African Black Rhino were declared extinct in 2011. Main cause of extinction is poaching and trophy hunting of these animals especially for their horns.
These Golden Toads were declared extinct 1989. It is believed that due to climate change cause by human activities these became vulnerable to diseases that lead to their extinction

There are number of human activities such as poaching, illegal captivity, illegal hunting, deforestation or activities that are causing destruction of natural habitat of the wildlife, as introduction of non-native species in an environment and killing of wild animals for their fur, feathers, skin and horns. These activities have resulted in the endangerment of many species.

Once we realise the specie is in danger of being extinct

Once we realise the specie is in danger of being extinct, we rush for their preservation and protection. But by then the species are too weak to fight for their survival. Climate change may disturb their life cycle to which they might not be able to adapt quickly. Due to these factors they may go extinct. It is highly likely we may face, what scientists are calling, 6th mass extinction soon.

World major organizations are working on the preservation of endangered species. Their steps include policies and guidelines for their protections and monitoring human activities. Scientists are also working to revive extinct species through cross breeding between species with the required genes. This is not just the duty of a single group.

Our actions have endangered our plants wildlife

Our actions have endangered our plants wildlife. We must play our role before the surviving animals may also go extinct. Small steps such as less use of plastics, clean water conservation, growing native plants and not hunting for pleasure will play a significant role. Other measures include recycling, less consumption of meat and less use of chemicals like pesticides and herbicides will also be helpful. Who knows with these steps we might just save these endangered species.


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