What does psychology mean to us?
According to Wikipedia, psychology is the study of behavior and mind. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. The definition may vary from person to person. In layman’s words; psychology is the study of human brains and the scientific factors that follow it such as the behavior under certain situations.
“In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as; social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior. While also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.”Wikipedia
The study proved that the human mind behaves roughly the same. Under certain extreme situations; for example, a life-endangering threat will result; in higher adrenaline, high blood pressure, dilation of pupal, and the flight or fight instinct is activated.
But still every human thinks differently and responds to certain (not so extreme Stimulus) in different ways. This brings me to the point; all human minds are wired similarly yet differently. It means under certain (extreme) situations, our instincts kick in thus we all respond similarly. But during our regular day to day interactions which aren’t necessarily life or death situations we all act differently.
As children grow, the brain develops over time. Consequently, as children grow to become teenagers, their brain undergoes through immense development. Their front cortex is reconstructed during this time. The front cortex is responsible for emotional management, decision making, and reasoning. This is may lead to mood swings and rebellious behavior. The body forms new synapses at an extremely high rate. Alongside the sudden change in hormones in the body can further complicate things for the teen. It may seem like they have physically matured; but teens are unable to make adults level decisions because their mind is still developing. Teens have a tendency to want to be independent and emotionally withdrawn. But still, they need love and attention from their parents. Emotional connection with a teen and understanding their perspective is the key here.
Mental illnesses (Root cause)
Through biological research; it has been discovered mental illnesses are caused by a combination of the following; biological, psychological, and environmental factors. But certain other factors may influence it, including genetics, infections, injuries, or prenatal damage.
Mental illnesses may sometimes run in the family. It is widely believed by experts that these illnesses are linked to abnormal genetics. That is why a person inherits a susceptibility to mental illness and doesn’t necessarily develop the illness. Mental illness itself occurs from the interaction of multiple genes
There are certain infections that may damage the brain; therefore inhibiting the brain to function in a proper manner. For example, Streptococcus bacteria has been linked with brain disorder.
Injuries to the head may permanently damage the brain therefore causing mental illnesses.
Some evidence suggests that a disruption of early fetal brain development or trauma that occurs at the time of birth. For example, loss of oxygen to the brain may be a factor in the development of certain conditions; such as autism spectrum disorder.
Effects of social isolation on mental health and Psychology
Humans are social creatures. We just like ants live together like a colony; i.e in a cooperative environment which is normally mutually exclusive for everyone. Socialization is a part of our daily norm. Therefore, this abrupt cutoff from the rest of the world has its effects on the human’s mental state. Three out of five Americans have reported, they feel “lonely”.
How does this work? The feeling of loneliness has caused higher levels of stress and anxiety. Loneliness can lead to sleeplessness, lowers self-confidence and self-worth.
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