While we largely understand climate change through the impacts it will have on our natural world, it is the devastation that it is causing and will continue to cause for humanity that makes it an urgent human rights issue. And its effects will continue to grow and worsen over time, creating ruin for current and future generations.
WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE?
Climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onward and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced using fossil fuels.
HOW THE CLIMATE CHANGE STARTED?
We human have been taking a lot from the nature from the very start of the time. We have been cutting and burning trees, producing waste and contaminating resources. But the process was slow and thus the nature was able to repair itself. But with the industrial revolution of the 18th century the damaging process hit the acceleration pad. Since then the destruction has been exponentially increasing.
EFFECTS ON PLANET
- Temperature increase
- Increase in Sea levels
- Storms and Hurricanes
- Heatwaves and droughts
- Changes in ecosystem
- Food shortages
MAJOR CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
- Millions of people may be displaced due to natural disasters by the year 2050.
- Rising temperatures are increasing the chances of western wildfires in the southwest.
- A significant increase in the number of people experiencing water shortage is expected by 2100.
- Coastal cities on constant threat due to the rising sea levels.
- All the reefs could be in danger and might get extinct by the year 2050. Oceans are experiencing large-scale warming.
- Low-lying islands could go down as they are particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels.
- Climate change results in droughts which I turn makes the land even drier.
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EFFECT ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
Events like floods, cyclones, relentless rainfalls, droughts and forest fires are a danger to the food security of millions of people. Low yield of crops will threaten billions of homes which rely on agriculture as their source of income.
THE ROLE OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES
Following are the major activities contributing to global warming:
- Cutting of forests and trees. This increases amount of Carbon dioxide in atmosphere leading to greenhouse effect.
- Burning fossil fuels. This also emits huge amount of toxic and greenhouse gases.
- Over population. This leads to overuse of natural resources.
- Industrial use of hazardous chemicals.
- Transportation and construction and waste produced by them.
Read the full Article: THE PROCESS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Carbon footprint is the combination of gases in the environment including carbon dioxide, methane nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases, also called the greenhouse gases. These gases are the result of production, transportation, housing and food.
The ultimate effect of carbon footprint is climate change. Between 1990 and 2013, global greenhouse gases emissions increased by 60%. This is a huge change and it is not surprising that this past decade was the hottest year recorded. Fluctuations in climate followed the heat waves, with hurricanes, storms, wildfires, droughts, relentless rain and tsunamis in news every 2 weeks.
Read the full Article: Carbon footprint: What is it and what we can do
MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES & CLIMATE CHANGE
Multinational companies are companies that have operations in more than one country and do mass production. Mass production is where the problem begins.
To equate demand with the supply and to cater to the needs of mass production, following things are done:
- Exploitation of raw material and land
- Dumping of Waste
- Greenhouse Gases and Emissions
CLIMATE CHANGE AND MENTAL HEALTH
Climate change is likely to affect mental health in many ways. Droughts, floods, rising sea levels, increasing temperatures, and other consequences of climate change can produce increasing psychological distress through many mediators. These mediators include economic strain, migration, lowering social capital, and traumatic events among others. Efforts to increase access to mental health services and attempts to reduce climate change with time would be appropriate responses to deal with the challenge of climate in the time to come.
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THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENTS
Every country across the globe does have laws for the protection of the environment. Some governments sell permits to firms that limit the amount of toxic waste dumped into landfills and waterways. Others have laws relating to deforestation and the employment of green technologies.
But countries living below the poverty line, or countries where illiteracy rates are at an all-time low, and countries deeply entrenched in the roots of corruption; laws are made and passed but are failed to be implemented and executed effectively.
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IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Not enough emphasis can be made on the importance of education of climate change all over the world; as this is something our lives right now and our lives in the future depend on. Controlling and making a healthier environment using sustainable methods will not only make our today better but will allow us to have a healthier and safer tomorrow.
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IS COVID 19 SAVING LIVES?
Is this dangerous virus, killing thousands is also saving thousands on the side? Well, some scientists think yes, it is. According to Marshall Burke from the Department of Earth System Science at Stanford University, in China, just two months of reduced pollution has saved the lives of 4000 children under the age of 5 and 73000 adults over the age of 70.And this number is increasing with each single day spent without travelling and opening factories .
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